It was 1961. John F. Kennedy was the president of the United States. He wanted to land humans on the moon. The United States had just started trying to put people in space. Was NASA ready to go to the moon? The president and NASA knew they could do it. They were ready to put people on the moon. Apollo 11’s mission was to land two men on the moon. They also had to come back to Earth safely.
The morning of July 16, 1989. A few kilometers around the Cape Kennedy Space Center in the United States are crowded. The whole area has been crowded with cars, jeeps, buses, boats and even small planes since last night. Many have set up temporary shelters in small tents. Some are under the open sky in the existing tabiyate. With cameras, binoculars and radios in their hands, they are anxiously waiting and counting the hours of excitement.
Most of them have come to rejoice. Some carried placards and banners to protest the US government’s huge waste of money in the space sector. But pros and cons, everyone present that day knew they were going to witness a great history of mankind today. This is a history that will not be old even if it can be told for ages.
After a while, the Apollo 11 spacecraft with three adventurous astronauts will run to the moon at a distance of about 374,000 kilometers. Not only that, for the first time in human history, people will set foot outside the earth, in the land of the old woman with the spinning wheel. Yes, not instruments, but aquatic people. With this, the United States will give a broken tooth to the eternal rival Soviet Union in the space competition on that day. So the whole American race (or mankind) went to the moon with three astronauts – Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins – on the wings of imagination.
9:23 a.m. local clock. Bright lights began to shine on the underside of the rocket aimed at Cape Kennedy’s horizon. With the light of intense fire, the white smoke began to overwhelm all around. The Saturn V rocket slowly launched into the sky with its tail on fire like a comet. Gradually his speed began to increase. The command module and lunar module have been specially placed on the top of the rocket. In it, three astronauts are sitting and breaking the strong bond of gravity by clenching their teeth.
Thousands of people standing below burst into joy at the sight of Apollo 11 ascending into space, overcoming the illusion of Earth’s gravity. Some, however, could not bear the burden of emotion and did not hesitate to cry. Just then the tension of the three astronauts sitting in the safe control room at the head of the rocket has now calmed down a lot. Because for the past few years they have been waiting for this day. That is why it is very difficult to take all the training in artificial environment. In many cases, the training was more difficult than in reality. So the future events were memorized by them.
Three hours after the launch of the Saturn V rocket, it came into Earth orbit and separated the Columbia and the Eagle from the rocket. The two spacecraft then left Earth’s orbit together and embarked on a three-day journey to the moon. At the beginning of this long journey, the explorers pulled out the Lunar Module Eagle from behind Columbia and annexed it to Columbia. Then they started traveling between the two modules as needed. The two vehicles are named after two US national symbols. The first is the American female Columbia and the second is the Eagle, the national bird of the United States.
The previous Apollo missions were in fact just preparations and exercises for this final Apollo 11 mission. So the three Apollo explorers, NASA, knew how to get there. Before reaching the moon’s orbit, they examined the various instruments of the two modules to see if there were any defects. The three astronauts-command module pilot Michael Collins, lunar module pilot Buzz Aldrin and commander Neil Armstrong were able to take a break, except for eating, sleeping and broadcasting live on TV with Earthlings.
U.S. political scientist Samuel P. Huntington’s sensational book, The Clash Civilization and the Remaking of the World Order . In that book, he says, “Ordinary people, whether they understand it or not, always like to be divided between us and them, us and their party, our civilization and their barbarism.” Such a split and the fierce competition that ensued began with the plan to launch a mission to the United States. It was many times more political than it was in the interests of scientific research. NASA’s Apollo mission began with the Cold War with Russia (then the Soviet Union).
One by one, the rival Soviet Union was losing to the United States in space research. Russia (then Soviet Union) sent the first satellite Sputnik-1 into space. When that satellite sat in Earth orbit and gave light signals flying in the skies of the United States, the whole American had nothing to do but stare like a fly in the face. The first animal in space, a dog named Leica. He is also a Soviet achievement. Yuri Gagarin was the first man in space in 1971. The Soviet Union once again became famous all over the world. As well as socialism. Valentina Tereskova was the first woman and civilian to fly into space on June 16, 1963. He also achieved Soviet. Luna 2 is the first spacecraft to land on the moon. That achievement is also in the possession of the socialist Soviet Union. With the tip of the nose of the capitalist superpower, one parallel rivalry after another can be tolerated. There is nothing comparable to that of the United States. They also did everything one by one in space. But to the whole world, they are nothing more than following in the footsteps of the Soviet Union. So the world did not find or remember the first American animal, the first man, the first woman sent into space. Despite many attempts by the US administration, it did not compete with the Soviet Union in space. But did capitalist Americans succumb to socialism? Is the world celebrating socialism today? The world did not find or remember the first woman. Despite many attempts by the US administration, it did not compete with the Soviet Union in space. But did capitalist Americans succumb to socialism? Is the world celebrating socialism today? The world did not find or remember the first woman. Despite many attempts by the US administration, it did not compete with the Soviet Union in space. But did capitalist Americans succumb to socialism? Is the world celebrating socialism today? The world did not find or remember the first woman. Despite many attempts by the US administration, it did not compete with the Soviet Union in space. But did capitalist Americans succumb to socialism? Is the world celebrating socialism today? The world did not find or remember the first woman. Despite many attempts by the US administration, it did not compete with the Soviet Union in space. But did capitalist Americans succumb to socialism? Is the world celebrating socialism today?
Thus the mountains of anger and humiliation began to accumulate in the minds of the American people. That anger finally erupted into a volcano in the 1980 US presidential election. John F. Kennedy took over the reins of power, ousting President Eisenhower, calling for more emphasis on space exploration. Kennedy. In fact, Kennedy understood exactly what was on the minds of the American people. Understood that in space research (better said, in competition) the Soviet Union would have to compete at any cost. But how is that possible? Because in all cases of space, they are already sitting first. After much discussion and debate, the Kennedy administration decided that the only way to respond to the Soviet invasion was to send people to the moon. So on May 25, 1971, at a joint session of the Congress, he declared, ‘I believe,
Soon after Kennedy’s announcement, the era of real space competition began in the United States. Despite the objections of many, huge amount of money was allocated to the space research sector this time. About ২৫ 25 billion was budgeted in 1980, which was 2.5% of US GDP. And this budget is given for 10 consecutive years. However, a class of Americans were outraged. They were joined by some scientists and researchers. They claim that there is no point in wasting money in the name of competition alone. Instead, money needs to be poured into many other important studies, including cancer.
As criticism mounted, Kennedy was forced to respond. He gave the answer on September 12, 1982 at the inauguration of NASA’s manned spaceflight center at Rice University in Houston, USA. About 40,000 people were present at the football stadium that day. Standing on the crowd stage, Kennedy said firmly, ‘Many have raised the question, why do we want to go to the moon? Why have we set such a goal? They might even ask, why do we climb to the top? Why did I cross the Atlantic 35 years ago? This decade we wanted to go to the moon … we wanted to go to the moon … we wanted to go to the moon.
Before Kennedy could finish speaking, the whole area burst into applause and cheers from 40,000 people. In that thunder, the opponents of the lunar expedition flew away like straw in one fell swoop. The Kennedy administration cared little for the critics then. Saj Saj Rob fell all over the United States. NASA began to make extensive preparations to send people to the moon. Millions of people are associated with it. The Gemini Project began towards the end of Eisenhower’s tenure. Even the Apollo project was considered then. This time there is a strong wind in his sail too. A new project called Apollo started. Such is the name of the Greek god of light, music, and sun. Named after NASA manager Abbey Silverstein. One evening in the early 1970’s, he suddenly thought of giving the name to his home. Abe thought that the way Apollo traveled in his chariot could not be a better name for this large-scale program proposed by NASA.
But Kennedy was acquitted by the announcement. When the United States thought of sending people to the moon, they didn’t really have that power. They had no advanced computers, rockets, spacesuits or other technologies like today. Again, the American scientists did not know what obstacles to overcome on the journey, which way, how to go. Despite many such shortcomings and unknowns, the impossibility of making the impossible possible in just 9 years with a strong will is a remarkable example of human history. But unfortunately Kennedy could not visualize it. He was shot dead by assassins on November 22, 1973.
February 21, 1986 Kennedy, the 35th US president killed by assassins. In his memory, in 1983, the NASA rocket launch center in Florida was named Cape Kennedy. From here, the first humanitarian program of the Apollo project will start. A few days later, the orbit of the Earth will be tested by riding on Apollo 1. His rehearsal will be given today. Rockets used to go into space with one or two astronauts in previous Gemenee missions. But this time three astronauts will go into space. They are Virgil Grisham, Edward White and Roger Chaffy. The final exercise of the operation was going on in the command module placed on the head of the rocket. At the beginning of the work, a spark suddenly appeared from the electric wire. As there was pure oxygen in the control room, the fire spread to the various equipments made of combustible material in the control room. The three astronauts burned in the blink of an eye and turned into coal. Another 28 workers were killed along with them that day.
In the beginning, such an accident was a big shock for the Apollo mission. Many feared that the Apollo mission was over from the beginning. But instead, NASA became stronger in their work. Scientists have tightened security for astronauts. From then until Apollo 8, they conducted missions without crews. In the meantime, NASA has done a lot of experiments on safety and other issues. That’s why there have been no more accidents on this mission since Apollo 1.
Apollo 7 was launched into Earth orbit on October 11, 1986. Apollo 7 returned from orbit on October 22 after more than a week. This mission was also a milestone for NASA. By doing so, the crew members got a better idea of the basics of rocket service and command modules. At the same time, people gained the experience of working together with space machines.
After the success of Apollo 8, the first lunar mission Apollo 7 was launched. This was the second manned mission of the Apollo Project. Much depended on the success of this mission. This is the first time that humans have been able to move from Earth’s orbit to the Moon’s orbit. This was the journey of man to the farthest place outside the world. Apollo 7 set sail on December 21, 1986, with three astronauts, James Lowell, William Anders, and Commander Frank Bormann. The spacecraft orbits the moon 10 times. 7 days later, on December 26, it returned to Earth. This mission guided the subsequent lunar missions. The expedition is also looking for a convenient place to land on the moon for Apollo’s future mission. Through this mission, NASA has greatly improved the navigation system and acquired more new techniques. The astronauts also took pictures of the rise of the earth on the surface of the moon.
In a statement issued by NASA on the lunar mission, the Soviet Union said it wanted to conduct machine-powered missions to other parts of the solar system rather than win a silver medal in the lunar mission competition. For that purpose, on January 10, 1989, they sent a probe named Venus 8 to Venus. As the parachute floated in the atmosphere of Venus, the Russian vehicle continued to send various information for 51 minutes. In fact, the Russian plan was to show the world that what the United States sends to people, they can do at a lower cost by sending equipment. But that is what happened to them in the end. Coming later in that context.
On March 3, 1969, NASA launched the Apollo 9 mission to the moon from the Kennedy Space Center. This year’s astronauts are James McDevitt, David Scott and Rusty Schwartz. The 10-day mission was carried out in Earth orbit. It was the first manned lunar excursion module (LEM) or lunar vela test to land on the moon. Space connections are made between the lunar module and the command module. In addition, this mission is used to test self-contained new spacesuits. After experiments, Apollo 9 returned to Earth on March 13.
Apollo 10 was sent into lunar orbit on May 16 of that year. This expedition can be called a copy of Apollo 11. It was sent just two months before the Apollo 11 mission to check all the functionality for the last time. It had service and command modules; Whose name was’ Charlie Brown. It also had a lunar module called ‘Snoopy’. Apollo 10 could have landed on the moon if it wanted. But they were already strictly forbidden. So the lunar module was disconnected from the command module but could not land on the moon. Instead, for the first time in human history, three astronauts, John Young, Thomas Stafford and Jean Carnan, orbited the moon. In fact, in this operation, the lunar modules are disconnected from the command module and then reconnected and tested. While Young was in charge of the command module, Thomas and Jean visited the proposed Apollo 11 landing area in the future. At that time their distance from the lunar surface was only 14,500 meters.
Thus, after Kennedy’s historic announcement, all preparations for the lunar landing were completed in a long eight years. This time it was Mahendrakshan, July 16, 1989. Apollo 11 embarked on an adventurous mission in human history. Three astronaut-command module pilots Michael Collins, lunar module pilot Buzz Aldrin and commander Neil Armstrong boarded the rocket.
Stephen Conive Armstrong and Viola Luiz Angel were married on October 8, 1929. Neil Alden Armstrong was born on August 5 of the following year on a farm 6 miles from Wapakoneta, a small town in Ohio. Father Stephen came from the Scottish border and settled in the United States. On the other hand, his mother’s family came from Germany. As an auditor by profession, Stephen had to travel from one state of the United States to another. Before Neel’s 14 years, the whole family had to live in a total of 18 cities. However, when Neel was 14, the family settled in Wapakoneta.
At just two years old, Neil was taken to Cleveland Air Race by his father Stephen. Since then, the tendency to fly in the sky is blue. After boarding the first plane at the age of six, that tendency turned into a dream. So he tried hard to get a student pilot’s license. That day was his 18th birthday. The funny thing is, Even then he did not have a driving license. However, he did not feel the need to take it. Then he dreamed of becoming a professional pilot. But except for the financial problems of the family. Technical education was needed to fulfill the dream of becoming a professional pilot. But the family could not afford to send Neel to college. An opportunity came in 1948 when Neil almost gave up. The US Navy announced scholarships to study at the university. However, in return, after completing his studies, he will have to serve in the Navy. Neil had no desire to go into the military. But he was forced to apply. It was approved without any hindrance. At the suggestion of one of his high school teachers, Neil went to study at Prado University in Indiana, then known as the renowned Aeronautical Engineering School. But after only 18 months of finishing his studies, the US sent him to Florida for flight training.
Shortly afterwards, the Korean War began. A few days later, Neel was called to the battle. So on June 26, 1951, he left for Korea. He had to conduct a total of 6 war campaigns in the Korean War. He could finally return to the country in early 1952. After returning to the country, Neel resigned from the navy. Then he started studying at Prado University again. There he was introduced to Janet Elizabeth Sharon. Neel was then 22 years old. And Sharon’s 16. So it did not take long for the chemical reactions to take place in the body and mind of the two. However, the faceless blue mind could not tell Sharon in time.
Neil graduated in aeronautical engineering in 1955. Soon the job as a research pilot in the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics also matured. This year’s workplace is at the Edward Air Force Base in the San Gabriel Mountains in the Dhu Dhu Desert of California.
A few days after getting the job, Neil gathered a little courage and one day proposed marriage to Sharon. Although he was hesitant at the beginning, Sharon agreed after a while. The next year, on January 26, the two sat on the wedding pedestal. Neil and Sharon start their family in a small cabin in the desert. That cabin on Juniper Hill had no electricity or running water. There were rough Joshua trees and poisonous rattlesnakes everywhere. However, Neil later mentioned that this difficult time is the best time of his life. The couple later had three children at home. They have a daughter and two sons, Rick and Mark. Her daughter died long before the Apollo 11 mission. However, the two boys were then 12 and 6 years old respectively.
In 1956, the United States launched the first manned spaceflight, Mercury. In the 1980’s, NASA sent people to the Edward Air Force Base to recruit astronauts for the project. However, Neel had no interest in becoming an astronaut. On February 22, 1972, John Glenn, the astronaut of the project, circled the earth three times in less than five hours. In this incident, the adventurous pilot Neel was a little shaken. The astronauts were called for the second time in April of that year. In the first phase, the astronauts were taken from the military. But this time civilians are also given a chance. Despite having a lot of good experience and skills in aviation, Neel was a little hesitant about whether NASA would respond to the request at all. The applicant’s eligibility was determined by NASA. Applicants must have a college degree in engineering, not more than 6 feet tall, Age cannot be more than 35. Neil Armstrong, who weighs 165 pounds with blue eyes, is 5 feet 11 inches tall. Again, his experience in aviation is much more than any civilian. So he hurriedly applied. NASA selected 9 civilians for the service. Neel was one of them.
Later that year it was moved to El Lago, near the Mand Spacecraft Center on Clear Lake, in Galveston Bay, 30 miles from Houston. In 1975, Neil was selected as the backup crew for the Gemini 5. But in the end, they had to stay away from Houston to watch the launch of the Gemini 5. He was then selected as the crew of Gemini 7. Neil went into space on March 17, 1968 as the first U.S. civilian to fly as a command pilot. This is the first time the two spacecraft have been successfully docked in this mission. He returned to Earth safely after completing the expedition that lasted for more than 10 and a half hours.
He was then selected as the backup crew for the Gemini 11 and Apollo 8. However, the last chance to make history for him came on January 9, 1989. Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins and Buzz Aldrin were officially announced as the crew of Apollo 11 that day. However, among the three members of this mission, NASA decided that Aldrin would be the first to set foot on the moon. However, in March, NASA suddenly changed its decision. Blue was chosen for the historic move instead of lightning. For this reason, it is heard that there was a small tension between the blue and the lightning. That eternal civil-military conflict. Because Buzz Aldrin came up from the military.
Edwin Buzz Aldrin was born on January 20, 1930, just a few months before Neil Armstrong. He was born at Mountainside Hospital in Glen Ridge, New Jersey, USA. His father was Edwin Eugene Aldrin Sr. and his mother was Marion Aldrin. Dad was an Army Aviator during World War I. He later served as Assistant Commandant at the Army Test Pilot School in McCook Field, Ohio. Baz’s mother was also born in a military family. Aldrin is the youngest of three siblings. Younger sister Faye Ann was two years old then. When he went to call his younger brother ‘Brother’, he could not pronounce it properly and said ‘Bazar’. From then on, Aldrin’s nickname became lightning.
Lightning was the second man to land on the moon with his father when he was two years old. However, the journey was not very pleasant. After finishing high school in 1948, he agreed to go to military school at his father’s request. The father wanted his son to be admitted to the Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland. But instead he was admitted to the Military Academy in West Point, New York. After completing his studies here, Baz joined the Air Force. He wanted to be a fighter pilot. He learned to operate an F-7 fighter interceptor after training at an air base in Nevada. He was then sent to Seoul, South Korea in the 1951 Korean War.
After the ceasefire on July 1, 1952, Baz returned to the country. Before going to war in Korea, he met Joan, the daughter of a woman known to his father. A little attention was paid to the service. Seeing her happy return to the country, Baz proposed marriage to Joan. The bride did not hesitate to respond. The couple got married on December 29, 1954. Two days after the wedding, Baz was sent to Squadron Officer School in Maxwell Field, Alabama. He was then appointed Dean of the Colorado Air Force Academy. Six months later he took over as flight instructor.
In 1958, he flew with Joan to Beitburg, West Germany. There he took training to fly F-100 warplanes. He returned to the country again in 1959. This time he joined the Massachusetts Institute of Technology directly. Buzz decided to pursue a doctorate in astronomy to advance his career in the military.
When Kennedy gave his famous speech in 1971 to launch a mission to the moon, Baz was 30 years old. His research was also progressing rapidly. In December of the following year, he wrote a thesis entitled Line of Site Guidance Techniques for Manned Orbital Rendezvous . It was sent to the Air Force Space Systems Division in Los Angeles. Because of this thesis, his name became Dr. Rendezvous.
In 1973, NASA issued a third notice in search of a crew for a manned lunar mission. Buzz Aldrin submitted the application. NASA selected 14 new potential astronauts for the service. One of them was lightning. For these astronauts, NASA set up a new settlement at NASA Bay next to the Mand Spacecraft Center. The Baz family got a place there with their two sons Michael and Andrew and a daughter Janice.
Seeing the background of the lightning, he was given the responsibility of mission planning. However, even though he was selected as an astronaut, he was annoyed at not being sent on a mission for a long time. Finally, in 1986, he went into space on the Gemini 12 mission. He conducted various mechanical tests there for more than five hours. And he got the opportunity to go on the Apollo 11 mission in 1989 like a fruitful patient.
Apollo 11 arrives in lunar orbit according to US schedule, July 19. The next day, July 20, 100 hours and 12 minutes after leaving the surface, Commander Neil Armstrong and Lunar Module pilot Buzz Aldrin entered the Eagle from Columbia. After a while the eagle undoing from Columbia. This time their destination is the surface of the moon.
The Eagle was a self-contained spacecraft. It was 6.9 meters high and 7.3 meters in diameter. Weighing about 1600 kg, the spacecraft accommodates two passengers on the upper floor. The spacecraft was built in such a way that it would not be affected by extreme variations in space temperature and would not be rendered useless even in minor accidents.
From the orbit of the moon for about two and a half hours at a very smooth speed, they continue to descend to the ground of the moon. In the previous expedition the landing place was determined-C of Tranquility. Sea of peace in simple Bengal. Aldrin kept a sharp eye on the eagle’s control equipment. On the other hand, Neel’s eyes are then on the surface of the moon, he is looking for a convenient landing place. The eagle is gradually descending due to the gravity of the moon. Only five minutes left to land on the moon. At that time a danger signal sounded in Chandravela. The spacecraft’s computer showed an error, Whose code is 1202. The distance of the eagle from the surface of the moon was only 9 thousand meters. But neither Neil Armstrong nor Buzz Aldrin understood what the signal was. Ground control in Houston, USA did not understand that. Do they have to go so close to the moon in the end or go back? Trying to go back to the very last time can bring another danger. At the same time, the mission control is trying to find the meaning of the code 1202 by manipulating their manual. In the meantime, another alarm bell rang. Mission Control then loses the hair of the head in intense excitement. But no solution is being found.
Another thought then crossed the minds of the two eagle explorers. The whole world is looking at them now. It is as if they are silently saying that the mission must be completed by landing on the moon at any cost. Mission Control also instructed to end the operation as per the previous plan.
Row upon row of Eagle Aldrin is trying to figure out if the alarm is a bug in the computer software, but Neil Armstrong is in another danger. They have gone beyond their scheduled landing grounds busy with alarm bells. If you go down to the place you see now, the eagle will just fall to the ground and fall to pieces. The two of them will be just a roof over the moon.
Meanwhile, the fuel indicator shows that the Eagle’s fuel tank has only one minute of fuel left to land on the moon. In the meantime, they have to get down there or go back. Of course, coming so close to the moon and going back is not a trivial matter. Danger can happen there too. The distance between the surface of the moon and the eagle is only 100 meters left. Just then, Neil Armstrong hurried through the window of the Eagle to find a place to land. With only 30 seconds left to land, Buzz Aldrin began to land on the moon’s gray chest. As soon as he reached the ground, the dust of the moon turned gray due to the pressure of the gas coming out of the engine of the eagle.
The blue and the lightning were completely in the dark about what happened to the eagle in the last few meters of landing. Has he been able to land on the moon at all? If the eagle’s foot lands safely on the ground of the moon, then the blue contract light is supposed to be on in the control panel. The two explorers waited for the light to shine. Even a few seconds seemed like time to them. Finally, yes finally the blue light came on. This means that the three-legged eagle has finally landed on the moon. The two explorers breathed a sigh of relief. Staff at the Houston Control Center were also able to breathe. Bangladesh time was then July 21, 1979, at 2:15 pm. However, the time in the United States is still July 20.
But the danger did not leave here. The third danger occurred when the ice line froze on the fuel line after landing. The problem is, there is a risk that the line will burst as the pressure builds up. And if that really happens, then blue and lightning may have to spend the rest of their lives on the moon until they die. Because then the eagle will no longer be able to launch from the lunar surface. But the fate of the explorers must be said to be good. They were able to clear the line before it burst. In this way, Neel and Baj were saved from danger three times.
It was decided in advance that after landing on the moon, blue and lightning would sleep for a few hours. Then land on the lonely black and white land of the moon. But coming so close to the creation of history, what is the sleep in the eyes? The two explorers could not unite the two-eyed leaves. However, half asleep, half awake, they rested on the second floor of the eagle for about four hours. Then came that historic moment.
Compared to today, the communication technology of 1979 was many times behind. Facebook, YouTube Live, Nor was there a TV set in the house. The only resource was radio. And a few people had a television in their hands that day. So many people were sitting in front of the radio that day. Listening to the section description. Some were staring at the astronauts on the surface of the moon through binoculars. But it is not possible from so far away. One-fifth of the world’s people are sitting in front of the TV set. The image sent from a camera set at the bottom of the eagle shows the ladder coming out of the eagle. Shortly afterwards, Armstrong was seen vaguely on the scene. With that, his mechanical voice is coming a long way. Neil Armstrong set foot on the first step of the descent. The whole world seemed to forget to breathe. One by one, Neel started to come down slowly. When he came to the end of the nine-step ladder, he paused. Are you a little scared? The viewers sitting in front of the TV set were also afraid of the unknown. Thousands outside the earth
Mother Viola Armstrong was sitting in front of the TV watching the scene of her son’s adventurous moon victory while sitting at home with others with deep interest. Neil Armstrong spent his childhood in this house in Wapakoneta, Ohio, USA. From this house he used to look at the night sky and dream of flying in the sky. Viola Armstrong once feared that the moon’s soil might be too soft. Like cheese. As soon as Neel puts his foot there, he may sink deeper into the ground in the blink of an eye. But because of the difference in the lunar gravity ball, the weight of the blue was reduced by six percent compared to the weight of the earth (175 pounds).
However, if there is a real danger of landing on the moon, what will happen? What if Armstrong’s spacecraft is completely crippled? What if they can never come back to earth? NASA and the US administration had thought long before the mission. They were prepared in advance for the possible danger. If for some reason the eagles were crippled, the blue and the lightning could have survived for a maximum of a few hours using the oxygen cylinders on their backs. Then came the historic death of Dhuke Dhuke. Because there was no hope of rescuing them. That is why a priest was appointed to perform the cosmic interaction of blue and lightning in Christianity from the earth. Interestingly, the then US President Richard Nixon recorded a televised speech on television to promote the nation. In a recent speech, Nixon reportedly said:
‘Good evening, my fellow Americans. Tonight I want to speak of a deep concern for all Americans and for all people around the world. Misfortune has interfered with the peaceful search of the moon. They will now rest in the peace of the moon. These two brave men, Neil Armstrong and Edward Aldrin, know that there is no hope for their salvation. But they also know that there is still hope for mankind through their sacrifice.
Fortunately, the video did not need to be aired on TV in the end. Blue can land safely on the moon by climbing the eagle’s ladder. Putting his foot on the moon, he made the memorable statement, ‘That’s a small step for (a) man, one giant leap for mankind.’ Dia, Neel painted his footprints in the dust like fine powder on the chest of the moon. Through this he became the first man to set foot on the moon.
Of course, Armstrong’s sudden landing on the moon is not the case. In fact, NASA had already decided what Armstrong would say and what he would do at that time. There was some controversy at that time about the statement he made. One group claimed that Armstrong did not pronounce the word ‘A’. The meaning of the statement changes. Others said he had just pronounced ‘a’, but could not hear it due to mechanical reasons.
However, when the blue lands on the moon, the sun sets in the lunar sky. The five-foot-11-inch blue shadow of that sun was seen lengthening on the moon’s gray ground. He was surprised to see his own 35 feet long shadow. About 20 minutes later, Buzz Aldrin joined Neil Armstrong on the moon. Going down there, he saw the desolate, barren moon surface like a desert before his eyes and said, ‘Excellent view. Extraordinary solitude. ‘
Who knows whether this word has been taught in advance. However, what to do after the moon was decided in advance. So Neel and Baaz went to work without a moment’s delay. At first they looked around. Place the instrument on the moon’s surface for some scientific experiments. Because of this the distance between the earth and the moon was accurately determined up to centimeters. Blue and lightning also placed a metal plaque on the lunar surface to commemorate the first human footfall on the moon. The plaque reads: ‘In July, 1979, people from the earth came here and set foot on the first moon. We have brought a message of peace for all mankind. ‘
Apart from these, parts of the clothes used by Grisham, White and Chaffy are kept on the ground of the moon in memory of the unfortunate adventurers killed in the lunar mission. And there were two medals. The two medals were won by Russian astronauts Yuri Gagarin and Vladimir Komarov. Also kept is a silicone disc and olive branch. The silicon disc engraved greetings from 63 countries, including US President Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson and Nixon. And olive stalks were kept as a symbol of peace. After giving so much to the moon, it is time to take something from there. The time at hand is quite short. Gradually the time of return is approaching. So this time, as a souvenir, he hurriedly picked up about 23 kilograms of blue or lightning rocks and soil from the moon. They did not have time to list them properly. Calculating the cost, it cost only one lakh dollars per village to collect moon soil and stones.
Earlier, on September 12, 1959, the Soviet Union sent a spacecraft named Luna 2 to the moon. That was the first man-made object sent to the moon. Two days later, at a speed of about three and a half kilometers per second, it crashed into the rocky ground of the moon. But what happened to the service work is a source of great pride for the Soviets. The Soviet symbol hammer and sickle painted on Luna II and the inscription CCCP survived on the moon. Later, in 1967, the Russians landed Luna 9 on the moon in a controlled manner. Needless to say, It also had the symbol of socialist brand. So Americans want a symbol on the moon. That’s why the US Nixon administration decided to fly the US flag there. So now it’s time to place the US flag on the moon. There was a lot of controversy about the flagship before the Apollo 11 mission. There is no wind on the moon. So the flag will not fly there. That is why the flag had already been hoisted with hard starch. Again, two rods were given to each side to keep it tight like a curtain. But after so many incidents, in the end the flag could not be fixed on the ground of the moon. Unfortunately, the surface of the moon was very hard. So with a lot of effort, Neil was able to lower the flagpole to just a few inches. That’s why when the eagle left the ground of the moon, the gas came out of the engine at high speed and the flag fell on its face. The surface of the moon was very hard. So with a lot of effort, Neil was able to lower the flagpole to just a few inches. That’s why when the eagle left the ground of the moon, the gas came out of the engine at high speed and the flag fell on its face. The surface of the moon was very hard. So with a lot of effort, Neil was able to lower the flagpole to just a few inches. That’s why when the eagle left the ground of the moon, the gas came out of the engine at high speed and the flag fell on its face. The surface of the moon was very hard. So with a lot of effort, Neil was able to lower the flagpole to just a few inches. That’s why when the eagle left the ground of the moon, the gas came out of the engine at high speed and the flag fell on its face. The surface of the moon was very hard. So with a lot of effort, Neil was able to lower the flagpole to just a few inches. That’s why when the eagle left the ground of the moon, the gas came out of the engine at high speed and the flag fell on its face.
After spending about two hours on the moon, blue and lightning rode the eagle at the appointed time. This time their destination is the command module orbiting the moon. Commander Michael Collins is waiting for them there.
Then Command Module pilot Michael Collins continues to take Columbia into lunar orbit. Lonely, alone. In the meantime, he has eaten 12 times around the moon. There is no sound anywhere except the gentle monotonous mechanical sound. Collins described the feelings of that time in his autobiography, Carrying the Fire . He recalls that every time he walked on the opposite side of the moon, all communication with the earth was completely cut off. ‘I was completely alone then. Isolated from any real creature. ‘
He already knew that he would have to be alone in this historic mission to the moon. After being selected as an Apollo 11 astronaut, Collins was asked if he would be able to orbit the moon alone when his two companions orbit the earth. Whether he is disappointed because of this. In response, Sojasapta said, “If I say that my seat is the best of the three, it will be a lie, otherwise it will be like a fool.” But all three seats are important in this campaign. I also want to land on the moon, who does not want? But I am a part of this integrated campaign. Despite everything, I am happy to go on this mission. I will go 99.9 percent of the way, but I am not disappointed at all. This is Michael Collins, the self-sacrificing explorer of Apollo 11.
Collins was born in Rome, Italy, on October 31, 1930, not in the United States. Michael Collins was the second of four children of U.S. Army officer James Lawton Collins. Mother Virginia Stewart’s family immigrated to the United States from Ireland. For the first 18 years after his birth, Collins had to travel to different countries because of his father’s job. James Lawton Collins was in Rome at the time of his birth.
During World War II, they moved to the capital, Washington DC. Collins finished school there in 1947. He joined the Air Force in 1952 with a bachelor’s degree in military science. He was sent to Nevada Air Force Base for advanced fighter pilot training. He also trained to carry out atomic bomb attacks. In 1954, he was sent to a NATO base in France with an F-8 fighter squadron. Two years later, he met Patricia Finnegan, a civilian worker. Shortly afterwards, the two got engaged. The couple got married on April 26, 1956. A few months later, they returned to the United States. He was given the responsibility of coach. He joined the Experimental Test Pilot School at Edward Air Force Base in 1970.
NASA issued a second notice in 1982 in search of potential astronauts. Collins applied for the service. However, his application for the service was rejected. He also applied for the third phase of NASA in 1973. NASA selected 14 people from the service, one of whom was Collins. Then, like Buzz Aldrin, Collins’s family moved to NASA with their two sons, Michael and Kathleen and Ann.
His house was very close to Aldrin’s house. Naturally, his friendship with lightning was a little more. So when Collins met Eagle and Lightning at the end of Colombia’s successful docking back from the moon, he hugged her passionately. After a while, he kissed the forehead of the lightning. Collins then embraced Neil Armstrong, the first human to land on the moon.
The campaign was successful, now it’s time to return home. The three adventurers began to return to the earth in the guise of victors. Three days later, on July 24, their vehicle returned to Earth orbit. Shortly afterwards, it landed in the Pacific Ocean on three parachutes. They returned about 195 hours and 17 minutes after leaving Earth. The USS Hornet rescued them from the Hawaiian coast.
Naturally, they got heroic respect back in the country. However, they were quarantined for three weeks in a closed room to check if any unknown germs came from the moon’s chest. Then they went on a world tour. However, the US administration had organized it to inform the world about the victory of the US. They also had Dhaka on that travel list. In this way, the United States defeated the Soviet Union in the Russian-American Cold War space competition.
The question may arise as to why the Soviet Union did not send people to the moon. In fact, the then Russian president wanted to show the world that the United States can do the same thing by sending people to do the same thing by sending machines. At the same time as the Apollo 11 mission, the Soviet Union sent Luna 15 to the moon. However, it did not land successfully. There is no doubt that the idea of sending instruments is quite good, but in doing so the Soviet Union simply lost the competition to the world. Because it is not possible to get the thrill of stepping on the top of the Himalayas, the thrill that gives birth, the motivation to be adventurous, by sending instruments. The footprints of the blue Armstrong on the ground of the moon evoke that shiver in our minds.
Since then, NASA has sent people to the moon five more times. Even then, 10 more people have set foot on the moon. But most people only remember the first one. People remember Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay, the conquerors of Mount Everest, the inaccessible peak of the Himalayas. But then until now how many people are conquering the summit of Everest every day, the news does not matter to people. That’s why the world doesn’t remember the first American astronaut, it remembers Yuri Gagarin, the world’s first astronaut. For the same reason, the Apollo 11 mission is more important than NASA’s other lunar missions. The adventures that Neil, Baz and Collins embarked on 50 years ago are still the most important events of the twentieth century to the world. Even in the 21st century, its importance has not diminished. That will be the case until we set foot on Mars, which can be expected quite strongly.
Apollo 11 / David Whitehouse, Icon Books, 2019
1989: The Year Everything Changed / Rob Kirkpatrick, Skyhorse Publishing, 2009
Carrying Fire: An Astronaut’s Journey / Michael Collins, Farrar, Strauss and Giroux, April 2019
BBC Sky at Night Magazine, August 2019
Life Magazine: Moon Landing, 2019
Life Magazine: Neil Armstrong, 2019
Science Thought, July 2019